Even today, the car is increasingly communicating with the road, recognizing dangers and making traffic safer. Airplanes pollute our environment. It is therefore a central task of research to develop new materials, powertrains, fuels and electronics for aviation.
Environmentally friendly fly
Aircraft are loud, consume a lot of fuel and produce pollutants. This impression is only partially correct, because for distances over 500 kilometers, the aircraft is the means of transportation with the lowest energy consumption and with the most favorable pollutant balance. But things are getting better – and that’s what research is doing in the context of high-tech strategy. At the newly founded lightweight research center of the the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Augsburg, carbon fiber-reinforced plastics are being investigated. The fuselage of Airbus’ new A350 is already largely made of such plastics, making it significantly lighter than conventional aircraft. Of course, this saves a lot of fuel. In addition to the noise of the aircraft turbines, which is mainly due to the air intake, researchers have new ideas. For the first time, the DLR Institute of Propulsion Technology in Cologne was able to halve the noise level with the help of targeted compressed air supply. Several rings with holes behind the impeller blow in targeted compressed air and create a counter-noise to the noise generated by the air flow. In fact, it is physically possible, especially at low tones, to superimpose these tones by opposing sound waves. This clearly reduces the noise. There is also something going on in fuel research. After all, researchers have set themselves the goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 50 percent and nitrogen oxides by 80 percent by 2020.
Traffic laboratory Braunschweig
At a crossroads in the north of Braunschweig is a mast with numerous devices and cameras. At this four-lane “research intersection”, the entire traffic flow is recorded day and night and evaluated. In addition to motor traffic, the behavior of cyclists and pedestrians can be determined – with the help of video cameras and radar systems. Those who lead to such situations can then be taken into account in the development of driver assistance systems. The data from the research intersection make it possible to analyze near misses for which no other information is available. FactoThe intersection and the evaluation of traffic is only one part of the application platform Intelligent Mobility (AIM). In further projects, the behavior of car drivers in real traffic situations is examined in detail. For this purpose, private vehicles have numerous measuring devices installed, which among other things register the speed, the distance to the car in front and the driving behavior. This allows stress situations to be analyzed in particular .– The data from both projects are incorporated into new assistance systems for vehicles, which are then tested in driving simulators. Research thus makes a significant contribution to safety in the transport of tomorrow.
Innovative solutions in all areas
The new high-tech strategy is subtitled “Innovations for Germany”. It goes far beyond the field of priority tasks of the future, which are taken up in this brochure. Innovative solutions in all areas of economic and social life are the decisive prerequisites for our prosperity and our quality of life. Therefore, almost all federal ministries are involved in the New High-Tech Strategy with projects from the most varied areas of life. Higher Innovation Dynamics Towards New Developments On the way to accelerating the product, the Federal Government is supporting the new high-tech strategy, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, as well as technology-oriented founders. This also includes the promotion of so-called key technologies such as microelectronics or battery technologies.